DDR is a broad field with multiple sub-components and programming areas. Within the Compendium a number of areas of particular interest / analysis have been identified for particular grouping and analysis. These represent important issues of relevance within many DDR contexts in Africa in either policy or programmatic terms. In a number of cases more in depth analysis and guidance can be found within specific Operational Guidance Notes (OGN) developed by the AU to provide specific analysis and advice. Where these have been developed this is flagged with an option to link to the specific OGN.

Thematic area Description
1. DDR Institutions & Instruments In many situations specific institutions have been established at the national level to both oversee the development of DDR policy and the development and delivery of interventions. Available documents related to this are grouped here along with a sample of potentially useful forms and checklists from a number of country programmes. The principle of national ownership is highlighted and explored. The growing use of Transitional Results Frameworks and post conflict recovery plans is highlighted. A specific OGN on National Frameworks has been developed and can be accessed via these pages.
2. Disarmament and DDR As well as the documentation of key approaches and lessons learned in relation to ex-combatant disarmament this section includes the collation of available literature on and an analysis of the synergies between DDR and SALW policies, approaches and programmes.
3. Demobilisation Approaches Includes analysis of experiences related to different types of demobilisation approaches used – including encampment, non-encampment and the spontaneous return of ex-combatants. Issues and lessons learned on issues related to the registration of ex-combatants are specifically identified.
4. Economic and social reintegration This includes the capture and synthesis of data on economic and social reintegration and current trends in terms of programme modalities and models; including community based support and family support and approaches to targeting. Evidence for the utility of training and education schemes in DDR settings and lessons learned are also identified and explored . A specific OGN on Reintegration has been developed and can be accessed via these pages.
5. Gender perspectives and DDR There is a significant body of literature about gender aspects of DDR programming and growing evidence that consideration of gender roles, militarisation and sexual and gender based violence amongst ex-combatant groups is an important factor in attaining a reduction in violence and rebuilding social cohesion for both men and women. Available literature on this topic is collated and synthesised here and a number of key issues are identified. A specific OGN on Women and DDR has been developed and can be accessed via these pages.
6. Special needs and vulnerable groups There is significant information available on different approaches and models that have been used to identify and support special needs and vulnerable groups within DDR programme contexts. Available documents have been collated and lessons learned identified.
7. Dealing with Commanders In many post-conflict settings considering how to deal with the commanders of armed groups often poses significant challenges for those planning both DDR and security sector reform programmes. In this section these issues and experiences will be collated.
8. SSR and DDR linkages The linkage between broader SSR approaches and DDR interventions is worthy of specific exploration and analysis. Long term reforms and restructuring in security architecture in post conflict situations have frequently been impacted by approaches to initial DDR in transitional settings and vice versa. Documents on the linkage between DDR and SSR are collated here
9. Resourcing DDR Considering and securing appropriate levels of funding for DDR in the midst of other competing priorities in a post conflict setting is important. In this section available material on financing and resourcing programmes is brought together and collated. Given the linkages between SSR and DDR the repository contains some relevant material on SSR financing in the context of long term policy development. Available literature on the variety of funding mechanisms available to support DDR programmes (i.e. UN MDTF, World Bank MDTF, UN directly managed, etc.) can also be found here.
10. DDR and Transitional Justice Most situations emerging from conflict usually require a form of transitional justice (TJ) and national reconciliation. Efforts to bring together bring together and create synergy between DDR efforts and justice processes can create tensions and challenges but it is increasingly recognized that this is important. Available literature on the linkages between TJ and DDR approaches are grouped here and lessons learned considered.
11. DDR & Psychological & Mental Health Conflict can have significant and lasting impacts on psychological and mental health. A significant number of studies have shown that poor psychological and mental health of ex-combatants can have serious implications for their successful social and economic reintegration as well as the risk of violence within communities. A number of key studies and reports on this topic are collated here and key issues identified and considered.
12. DDR Regional Conflict & Foreign Fighters A number of conflicts affecting the African continent over the last 2 decades in particular have had cross border and regional impacts – and DDR programmes have themselves been part of this dynamic. In a number of conflicts foreign fighters have also been a significant feature of conflict dynamics and their DDR has posed specific challenges. A specific OGN on Foreign Fighters is under development and when completed will be accessible via these pages.
13. Radicalisation & Violent Extremism The radicalisation and de-socialisation of combatants and their involvement in violent extremism is a current concern but also one that has featured before on the continent. In this section available literature on how those who have adopted extremist ideologies or intentions are rehabilitated and the implications for programmes and planning are considered. A specific OGN on this topic is under development and when completed will be accessible via these pages.
14. Youth & DDR In a number of settings the recruitment (forced or otherwise) of youth into armed groups and challenges with their social and economic reintegration has posed specific challenges. Available documents on programme responses to youth, and specifically their reintegration are collated and considered here.
15. M&E and DDR With considerable resources expended on DDR activities there is growing importance attached to the establishment of effective monitoring and evaluation frameworks for DDR programmes. Available literature on approaches to M&E in DDR are collated and synthesised under this thematic area.